Skip to Main Content

Teaching & Learning

Undergraduate & Graduate Level Research and Information

Educational Standards by State

Below you will find additional information about educational standards by state:           Standards for Quality - Fleming County Schools

Standards By State



Learning standards are concise, written descriptions of what students are expected to know and be able to do at a specific stage of their education. Learning standards describe educational objectives—i.e., what students should have learned by the end of a course, grade level, or grade span—but they do not describe or mandate any particular teaching practice, curriculum, or assessment method (although this is a source of ongoing confusion and debate).

Synonyms: Academic StandardsCompetenciesCompetency StandardsProficienciesProficiency StandardsStandardsState Standards


learning progression is the purposeful sequencing of teaching and learning expectations across multiple developmental stages, ages, or grade levels. The term is most commonly used in reference to learning standards. Learning progressions are typically categorized and organized by content area, such as mathematics or science, and they map out a specific sequence of knowledge and skills that students are expected to learn as they progress through their education. There are two main characteristics of learning progressions: (1) the learning standards described at each level are intended to address the specific learning needs and abilities of students at a particular stage of their intellectual, emotional, social, and physical development, and (2) the standards reflect clearly articulated sequences—i.e., the learning expectations for each grade level build upon previous expectations while preparing students for more challenging concepts and more sophisticated coursework at the next level. The basic idea is to make sure that students are learning age-appropriate material (knowledge and skills that are neither too advanced nor too rudimentary), and that teachers are sequencing learning effectively and avoiding the inadvertent repetition of material that was taught in earlier grades (also see Coherent Curriculum below).

Synonyms: Grade-Level BenchmarksGrade-Level Equivalents (GLEs)Grade-Level Expectations (GLEs)Grade-Level IndicatorsGrade-Level Learning ObjectivesGrade-Level Standards


The term student outcomes typically refers to either (1) the desired learning objectives or learning standards that schools and teachers want students to achieve, or (2) the educational, societal, and life effects that result from students being educated. In the first case, student outcomes are the intended goals of a course, program, or learning experience; in the second case, student outcomes are the actual results that students either achieve or fail to achieve during their education or later on in life.

Synonyms: Educational Outcomes, Learning Outcomes (NOTE: The term student outcomes, and its synonyms, may be used interchangeably with learning objectives and its related synonyms)

Understanding Educational Standards

In education, the term common standards predominately refer to the learning standards that are used to guide public-school instruction, assessment, and curricula within a country, state, school, or academic field. That said, there are many different types of common standards in education that may be used in a variety of ways. For example, there are common national, international, state, and subject-area learning standards; there are common professional standards for teachers, administrators, and other school staff; and there are common accreditation standards for schools, colleges, and educational programs.

Common Core Standards

The Common Core State Standards are a clear set of shared goals and expectations for the knowledge and skills students need in English language arts and mathematics at each grade level so they can be prepared to succeed in college, career, and life.

Tennessee Academic Standards

The Tennessee Academic Standards provide a common set of expectations for what students will know and be able to do at the end of a grade for each subject area. Our state’s standards are rooted in the knowledge and skills students need to succeed in their postsecondary studies and/or careers.

The State Board of Education is charged with adopting the Tennessee Academic Standards. At minimum, standards are reviewed every six years. To learn more about the standards review process, leave feedback on the revised standards, or submit questions please visit the state board’s standards review webpage.

Print/Electronic Resources on Educational Standards